Citizenship on the basis of birth
A child acquires Finnish citizenship at birth if
the child's mother is a Finnish citizen
A child also acquires Finnish citizenship based on the place of birth if the child is born in Finland and cannot acquire any other citizenship.
After June 1st, 2003 dual /multiple nationality is accepted by the Finnish legislation. Finnish nationals will no longer lose their Finnish nationality when they assume another nationality. Neither will foreign nationals gaining Finnish citizenship have to relinquish their present citizenship if the law in that country does not prevent them from gaining Finnish citizenship. It should be noted, however, that the nationality legislation of the country in question does not necessarily accept multiple nationality.
Retaining Finnish citizenship at the age of 22
A child can gain dual nationality at birth if the parents are married but have different citizenships. A Finnish citizen who is also a citizen of another country may lose Finnish citizenship at the age of 22 if his/her ties with Finland have not been sufficiently close.
Finnish citizenship can be retained on the basis of the sufficient ties which may be any of the the following:
Military service and multiple nationality
Every Finnish man is liable for military service (conscription). Military service includes conscription service, refresher training, extra service and service during mobilisation as well as participation in call-ups and the examination of fitness for service. Call-ups form the first concrete step into military service.
The civic duty of military service is defined in the law on conscription (Conscription Act). This duty affects all Finnish men and begins when a man turns 18. It also applies until l he reaches the age of 60. This means a man is liable for military service and that he is either in service, in the reserve or in the auxiliary reserve.
The Regional Office can free you from peacetime military service on special grounds if:
If you have dual citizenship but are still legally required to do Finnish military service, you can be relieved from military service if you have lived outside Finland for the last seven (7) years. In this case, you do not need to ask for separate permission to be freed from Finnish military service. You can, however, be ordered into military service if you move to Finland before the end of the year during which you turn 30.
More information: The Finnish Defence Forces
Making a citizenship declaration
Citizenship application is submitted in Finland to a local police.
Citizenship declaration (former Finnish citizens) is submitted primarily in Finland to the local police. Declaration can be submitted also to a Finnish embassy abroad in the country of your residence.
Citizenship declaration via e-service
Citizenship declaration can also be submitted electronically. When the application has been submitted using the e-service, the applicant must nevertheless visit the Finnish embassy of police station in Finland which was selected. Electronic system expedites the application process and the progress can be monitored online. Additional information: Immigration Service's website www.migri.fi.
A declaration cannot be processed until the applicant has visited the embassy or a police station and proven his/hers identity, presented the original documents and paid the processing fee. The payments will be accepted only by cash in Israeli shekels at the Embassy in Tel Aviv.
Finnish citizenship by declaration can be obtained by: